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Feeding for good health
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Article copyright by: Karen Clark, Versailles Kennels UK

Feeding & Health

A growing number of veterinarians state that processed pet food (kibbles and canned food) is the main cause of illness and premature death in the modern dog and cat. In December 1995, the British Journal of Small Animal Practice published a paper contending that processed pet food suppresses the immune system and leads to liver, kidney, heart and other diseases. Hence the reasons we here will not EVER advocate the feeding of our dogs or any dog for that matter a dry or processed diet. There are those inexperienced breeders who also exhibit their dogs who talk the most ridiculous chitter to new owners, listen feeding dogs has gone on from time immemorial its not rocket science, it is PURE COMMON SENSE. Dogs require protein because they are not designed to eat grain, in fact there is a correlation with pet obesity and introduction of dry diets , allergies and some canine cancers .
Carbohydrates are an American invention by Mr Kellogg to feed the masses cheaply and receive huge profits. Why do we as educated human beings believe this rubbish that is put about by vets, nutritionists when we know that our own diets some 40-100 years ago was far more healthy because it contained hardly any carbohydrates.Dogs have evolved for the past 10 million years as primarily meat eaters. They simply do not produce the enzymes necessary to digest grains. This lack of the necessary enzymes, places the burden entirely on the pancreas, forcing it to try to produce large amounts of amylase and cellulase to deal with the starch, cellulose, and carbohydrates in grains and plant matter. (The carnivore’s pancreas was not designed to secrete cellulase to split the cellulose into glucose molecules), nor have dogs “evolved” to become efficient at digesting and assimilating and utilizing gains or plant material as a source of high quality protein. Herbivores do those sorts of things. Read Canine and Feline Nutrition Case, Carey and Hirakawa Published by Mosby, 1995 Today, there are hundreds of known mycotoxins. And more are being discovered all the time. Here are some of the more common ones known to affect dogs…most pet food recalls involve these toxins and they are produced by grains

Aflatoxin
Vomitoxin
Zearalenone
Ochratoxin
Fumonisin

Studies demonstrate that unlike humans/omnivores, dogs (carnivores) do not ‘carbo-load,’ that is, store up energy from meals high in complex carbohydrates.They simply get fat hence the direct link and correlation with dry diets and pet obesity.Grains can also be responsible for “gunky” ears, yeast infections in the ears or on the skin, ear infections, head shaking, allergies, skin irritation, itchy feet and genitals.I have lost count at how many times I have advised on feeding dry diets to new owners, some listen others don't, the choice is yours but ask yourself, do you want a companion for 7 years or for many many more. I know what my answer is!

Feed your dog from a selection of :

NOTE ALL FISH MUST BE COOKED FIRST BUT MEAT CAN BE GIVEN WARMED THROUGH NO BONE SHOULD EVER BE COOKED.

100g of any of the following
quality beef, steak, lamb, chicken, turkey, goat, venison, duck, pheasant, goose, boar, partridge, pigeon, Salmon, Trout, Mackerel, Herring, Sardines ,Pilchards, Kipper, Eel, Whitebait, Tuna (fresh only) Anchovies, Swordfish, Bloater, Cacha, Carp, Hilsa, Jack fish, Katla, Orange roughy, Pangas, Sprats.

30g of any of or a mix of the following:
mashed potatoes cooked, green peas, garden peas, mashed carrots, pumpkin,butternut squash,apple , pear, banana,

Give 10g per day from any of these or a mix of these:
mixed beans, ground oats,goats cheese, goats yoghurt, cranberries, spinach kale, kelp

Liver should not be fed to dogs that are pregnant , kidneys lambs they eat better are a good treat that can be dried once cooked and used for training treats as can beef jerky, chicken jerky.carrot batons are a health alternative to commercial high fat treats.

Supplements that can be given:
lutein and or eyebright foods high in lutein for eye protection.
Cranberry extract for urinary health and also to prevent oxylates, stones and struvites forming
Bonemeal should be given to all dogs daily FOLLOW instructions.
echinacea purpurea during kennel cough season or if your dog is going into kennels
PREGNANT DOGS REQUIRE DIFFERENT NUTRITIONAL NEEDS
Always check with your breeder or vet before altering a pregnant or whelping dogs diet

Raw eaters require on average for toy dogs a total food value of 175g per day, they will eat less and poop less using this type of diet.

Feeding Naturally

Dr. Billinghurst describes BARF this way:

“BARF is about feeding dogs properly. The aim of BARF is to maximize the health, longevity and reproductive capacity of dogs and by so doing, minimize the need for veterinary intervention. How do you feed a dog properly? You feed it the diet that it evolved to eat. … Artificial grain based dog foods cause innumerable health problems. They are not what your dog was programmed to eat during its long process of evolution. A biologically appropriate diet for a dog is one that consists of raw whole foods similar to those eaten by the dogs’ wild ancestors. The food fed must contain the same balance and type of ingredients as consumed by those wild ancestors. This food will include such things as muscle meat, bone, fat, organ meat and vegetable materials and any other foods that will mimic what was those wild ancestors ate.”
Those who feed BARF point out that kibbled foods have been around for about 60 years but that dogs ate handouts from human tables for millennia before processed foods were marketed. However, the debate rages hot and heavy. Those who develop processed dog foods and those who feed these diets point out the scientific reports that back their claims; those who feed BARF are equally as adamant that their anecdotal evidence about dog health and well-being proves the value of fresh, raw food.

Millions of people around the world feed their pets a raw diet. This is not a fad. If your vet does not support your quest for a healthy pet via a raw diet, please find another vet!

Dogs in the wild did not have little cooked pellets that contained cooked vegetables and grains (or cooked meat, for that matter), thus their systems are not made for digesting these ingredients. A raw diet is a direct evolution of what dogs ate before they became our pets.

Some pet owners who have made the switch have noticed drastic changes in their pets, including:
Shinier, healthier skin
Fresher breath/cleaner teeth
Improved digestion
Improvement with allergy symptoms
Decreased shedding
Increased stamina
Firmer, smaller stools A general increase in overall health

Raw meat products may contain bacteria that could cause illness if mishandled. Keep raw meat separate from other foods; wash working surfaces, utensils and hands with hot soapy water after each feeding. Treat as you would any raw meat product. Dr. Billinghurst’s BARF DIET™ should be used within 2-3 days of thawing. Do not re-freeze once it has been defrosted.

Feed normal active dogs 2% of their body weight per day. For example, a 50 pound dog may do very well on one pound of food per day, a 100 pound dog, 2 pounds of food per day. A highly active dog may require 3% of their body weight per day. In the case of a 50 pound dog, they would then require about one and a half pounds of food per day, a 100 pound dog, 3 pounds per day.

IN ESSENCE YOUR TOY DOG USING THIS DIET REQUIRES 175g per day of total foods NO MORE !
They poop less usually just once per day, their stools are harder and drier thus reducing anal gland poor health
They stay satisfied for longer and are far healthier and less lethargic than those fed commercial diets.

Further Reading

Books on RAW/BARF/Health

• Give Your Dog A Bone (1993) – Dr. Ian Billinghurst
• Grow Your Pups With Bones (1998) – Dr. Ian Billinghurst
• The Barf Diet (2001) – Dr. Ian Billinghurst
• Raw Meaty Bones – Dr. Tom Lonsdale VetMed MRCVS
• The Holistic Guide for a Healthy Dog – Wendy Volhard and Kerry Brown, DVM – Very good book. Covers health tests and what they mean, raw diet, and a variety of other topics.
• Natural Nutrition for Dogs & Cats – Kymythy Schultze, A.H.I.
• The Ultimate Diet – Kymythy Schultze, A.H.I.
• The Nature of Animal Healing – Martin Goldstein, D.V.M.
• Dr. Pitcairn’s Complete Guide to Natural Health for Dogs and Cats – Dr. Richard M. Pitcairn
• Home Prepared Dog & Cat Diets – Strombeck, Donald

• Switching to Raw – 
http://www.switchingtoraw.com/ – By Susan K. Johnson (Birchrun5@aol.com). Price per book – $13.95. Shipping & handling in U.S. – $5.00 for first book, $1.50 each additional book. Add 7.25% sales tax for Texas residents. Send check or money order, payable in U.S. funds to: Susan K. Johnson – Birchrun Basics, P.O. Box 215, Lavon, TX 75166

The Importance of Protein in the Diet.

Many people cite old, outdated research that claims high protein percentages in the food are harmful to dogs and do all kinds of damage, especially to the liver. Fact is that these studies were conducted by feeding dogs foods that were made from poor quality, hard to digest protein sources, such as soy, corn, byproducts, blood meal and so on.Consider a wolf in the wild, who will eat relatively little else but meat if they can help it – these animals don’t get kidney diseases on the same scale domestic dogs do. Their protein comes in the form of quality muscle and organ meat though, not processed leftovers from human food processing. It also contains around 70% moisture, whereas most commercial dry foods contain a maximum of 10%. Dogs and other “dog like” animals (canids) evolved eating a diet that consists primarily of meat, fat and bones, which they have been eating for hundreds of thousands of years. Commercial foods, especially dry food, has only been widely available for the past 60 years and we are still learning how much damage certain aspects of it can do. Things have improved quite a bit from hitting rock bottom in the 70s and 80s, but the majority of pet food manufacturers still produce bad foods from poor quality ingredients.

Dogs need a careful balance of calcium/phosphorus and sufficient vitamin D for strong bones and healthy teeth.
Fats and oils are a source of energy which is important for active and large dogs.
Protein is required to maintain the body muscles.
A cat needs almost twice as much protein as a dog.
Vitamin A is necessary but within very precise limits. Too much liver (rich in vitamin A) can be harmful
The wrong balance in essential fatty acids will take the shine out of a cat’s coat.
Taurine – a vitamin-like substance – is essential to prevent eye and heart disease.
Contrary to widespread belief, each type of rodent has its own specific nutritional requirements.
For example, a hamster needs high levels of protein (meat), whereas a dwarf rabbit is strictly herbivore.
The guinea pig has an imperative need of vitamin C as it cannot synthesize it. It is therefore either systematically present in prepared foods or offered in the form of vitamin supplements.
The protein requirement of dogs is best met with healthy, freshly-concocted homemade dog food which has high biological value. Biological value refers to the percentage of the protein that can be broken down into usable amino acids. Eggs have the highest biological value at 100%, while beef hovers around 78%.
Puppies need a diet that consists of 28% of their diet. Adult dogs need about 18% and performance dogs such as dogs who sled race, need about 35%.

Protein has many functions in the body, but one of the most important is to supply amino acids to build hair, skin, nails, muscles, tendons, ligaments and cartilage. Protein also plays a main role in hormone production
Even though they are often fed plant-based diets, dogs are not herbivores. While dogs are technically classified as omnivores, animals that eat both animal- and plant-based foods, they should be treated primarily as carnivores to better fulfill their specific nutritional requirements.

The body structure of domestic dogs is similar to that of their ancestors and relatives—ideal for eating prey. They possess the enlarged canine teeth that carnivores are named after. Their gastrointestinal tract is simple and does not have the capacity to digest large amounts of plant products.

Animal-based proteins help dogs achieve and maintain optimal health.
Just to add, Fat is important in the dogs diet since it has several functions but only one is fundamental. The corporal fat is an accumulated energy that it is part of a cellular structure and a means of transportation. The only indispensable function of the fat is a source of fatty acids, sometimes called “polyunsaturated.” You may find these substances in the majority of the fats and oils, being mainly in some vegetable oils. The precise quantity is very small- an approximate 1% of the diet – although without that the dogs hair will be rough and the skin will crack. The diets that contain a 10% of total fat normally come from mixed sources that contain enough fatty acids.
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